the newest peacock color variety finds its way from Germany to
the U.S., its not surprising that A. sp. Rubescens
is wrapped in some controversy.
In a recent issue of an American Cichlid Association publication, there is a view expressed that all of the Red peacock color morphs being developed in Germany are really the same fish being offered under different names.
I dont agree with this thinking.
I phoned and explained to the writer, who admittedly does not keep the fish, that our aquaria housed German Red Peacocks, Rubescens Peacocks and Eureka Red Peacocksall of which share a German originand that these fish decidedly, emphatically are not the same peacocks in terms of looks.
To be brief:
Auloncara sp. Rubescens exhibits a bright orange coloration through the body and fins which contrasts with a small amount of blue on the head. Females have a distinct orange outline across the dorsal fin. In my experience, it is much more peaceful than the average peacock. From a color standpoint, it is my favorite peacock.
Auloncara sp. German Red differs from Rubescens in that it has many more blue striations in the head, body and finsenough blue all over that the impression is of a red-orange and blue fish. We have kept groups of German Reds from several different sources, including one group which was direct from Germany.
Auloncara sp. Eureka Red has a longer body and more sloped head and, moreover, has an entirely different pattern of reds and blues than either of the previous two fish. It is also much more aggressiveno doubt because of its probable origin as a jackobfreibergi.
The Rubescens and German Red, according to knowledgeable worldwide sources, derive from another peacock species. The original sources say the Rubescens was developed from A. baenschi (Maleri Island) and the German Red from A. baenschi (Chipoka). Until someone convinces me differently, Ill accept this information. The color patterns fit the original fish quite well.
Its important to note in this discussion that the Red peacocks from Germany do not appear to be the products of hybridization. Instead, they are produced by line-breeding special morphs of a speciesthe same type of development which originally produced albino corydoras, fantail guppies, lyretail mollies, etc.
(Note: The Rubescens is sometimes called Ruby Red Peacock in an attempt to Americanize the German name.)
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